German citizenship

German passports

German citizenship

The German Law on Nationality and Citizenship is rather complex and has undergone many changes in the past. However, some aspects have remained the same. We have compiled updated information on the topics that we are most asked about. Please make sure you read and understand the information provided below before contacting the competent German mission. This will help us to assist you better. Thank you.

Kinderreisepass der Bundesrepublik Deutschland

Determination of German citizenship

You think you might be eligible for a German passport, but you are not sure? Please find more information about determination of German citizenship here.

naturalization in Berlin

Regaining German citizenship for former Germans deprived of their citizenship

Information on obtaining/re-obtaining German Citizenship for former German Citizens and their descendants who were persecuted on political, racial and religious grounds between 30 January 1933 and 8 May 1945.

Kinderreisepass der Bundesrepublik Deutschland

Re-naturalization for former German citizens

German citizens who lost their German citizenship through naturalization in another country can regain their German citizenship under certain circumstances.


Obtaining German citizenship

In general, German citizenship is not established through birth on German territory but by descent from a German legal mother and/or a German legal father.

child with passport

Non-acquisition of German nationality for children born abroad to German parents

Children born abroad do not acquire German nationality by birth if their German parent(s) were themselves born abroad after 31 December 1999 and at the time of the child’s birth were ordinarily resident abroad, provided such children acquire another nationality upon birth. Children that fall into this category may acquire German nationality retroactively from birth if their parents register the birth with the German authorities before the child’s first birthday.

Legal Symbols, (c) picture-alliance/chromorange

Loss of German citizenship

There are several ways to lose German citizenship; please find further information regarding the loss of German citizenship here.

Certificate to retain German citizenship

Retaining of German citizenship

The German law on citizenship mandates that German citizens who voluntarily apply for and accept Australian citizenship will automatically lose the German citizenship if they have not been granted a permission to retain the German citizenship prior to becoming Australian.

Deutsche Version

German flag

Hier finden Sie die deutsche Version dieser Seite.

Make an appointment


An appointment is needed at all missions in Australia. Depending on the mission, the appointment can be made online or over the phone.

Find your nearest Consulate

map of Australia with German missions

Two German Missions and ten Honorary Consuls throughout Australia offer consular services. Each mission covers a specific geographic region. To find out which Mission can assist you, what the hours of operation are and how to reach it please use our interactive Consulate Finder.